Taxation and Costs in Spain
On the purchase
There are legal fees and taxes to be paid on the transfer of a property. There are fees which need to be paid to the Public Notary and the Land Registry. By law, the notarization fees are split between the seller and the buyer and the registry fees are paid solely by the buyer.
However, it is usual that the buyer pays all of the costs arising from the transfer. The first tax to be paid depends on which type of property is being bought:
On the purchase of new properties
- VAT (Value Added Tax), at a the fixed rate of 10% of the declared value of the property.
- A.J.D. (Stamp Duties). This tax is in addition to above VAT above and is calculated at a rate of 1,5% of the declared value.
- Transfer Tax at a rate of 10% of the declared value of the property.
- The law states that the payment of the above mentioned taxes corresponds only to the buyer.
- The second tax due when purchasing a property is called PLUSVALIA, which is a tax on the increase of value of the land since its last sale. It is paid to the Town Hall where the property is located and by law corresponds to the seller.
Tax Obligations Of Owners Of Property Non-Resident In Spain
If you have accepted the clients offer, the sales agreement has to be signed. After that we will follow up the case up to the notary and complete sale.
These guidelines refer to the general case of a non-resident who owns just one property in Spain, which is simply for his private use. Other cases, require specialized advise from your solicitor. The taxes to be paid are:
- Income Tax (I.R.P.F.). The rate is 25% applicable to the result of calculating 2% of the cadastral value of the property.
- Wealth Tax (Patrimonio). This is calculated at the rate of 0.2% of the value declared in the Title Deed of the property purchased. Both taxes are paid annually, corresponding to the natural calendar year.
Local tax on real estate (I.B.I.).
This is a direct tax on the property. Each Town Hall Council determines the percentage to be applied to the cadastral value of the property within the limits laid down by the law. This is also a annual tax.